Tag Archives: Tamil Nadu

Unfinished Business

DCIM102GOPROSo this is as close to the southernmost tip of India that you can easily get to – an island just offshore from the town of Kanyakumari. I was here back in November – but with massive crowds, I couldn’t make it on to the island. Well, I made it this time.

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(There is of course more to see – the island is home to the Vivekanada Memorial – a monument in honour of a re\nowned Hindu spiritual teacher who visited here one time – but the sign did me.)
 

Catching Up – Part 2

So after a couple of days in Madurai, Summer had arrived early and whatever about my visitor from Ireland and myself, even the locals start to melt in 38C – time to head for a hill station…

Kodaikanal

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Originally built in the 19th century by foreign missionaries to escape the heat and the then prevelance of tropical diseases in the plains – nowadays its backpackers, hikers and honeymooning couples that come fleeing the heat.  At 2,100 meters up, Kodaikanal was a good 15-20C cooler than Madurai – this makes the region an ideal spot for growing everything from carrots, cabbages and pears to tea and spices.

Also discovered that I wasn’t quite the first from Westmeath to discover Kodaikanal – meet Sir Vere Henry Levinge, Baronet of Knockdrin Castle – who’s commerated here with a lakeside memorial.

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He was prominent as an administrator in developing the town in the late 19th century and for amongst other things building the dam that created the town’s lake. It would seem the Irish get everywhere…

Alleppey & Cochin

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I’d been to Alleppey (known locally as Alappuzha) before but only for an overnight trip on one of its well-known riverboats. With a couple of extra days, it was time to get lost in the backwaters. The whole area is cris-crossed with canals – originally used for the shippment of both rice and spices etc from further east and great for kayaking.

Allepey also has an excellent beach which unlike most beaches in South India was only moderately leathal for swimming. The Lonely Planet describes it as a ‘fraught’ beach, but the locals were swimming, so we said we’d give it a shot.

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Last stop Cochin – the commercial capital of Kerala… one last sunset – for now.

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Catching Up

After been on the road for a couple of weeks with an out-of-town visitor, probably time for a couple of catch-up posts…

Tranquebar

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One of the first stops on this trip through Eastern Tamil Nadu was Tranquebar (or Tharangambadi as it is known locally). A former territory of Denmark’s, Tranquebar took a bad hit from the tsunami of 2004 with hundreds of casualties.

While much recovered, there are still occasional of the hardship that was here. The old fort and much of the old city has survived though.

Just up the road then from Tranquebar is the Pichavaram Mangrove Forest. It was shockingly hot the day we there mind – it was good to get into shade in the swamp – our boatman needless to say hardly broke a sweat…

Thanjavur

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Enroute to Madurai, we paid a visit to Thanjavur – home to the thousand year old great temple – a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Yep, it’s impressive…

Madurai

And finally, after a few weeks on the road, back to Madurai – just in time for the full moon…

Madurai Full Moon

We also took the a chance to hike up one of the small hills around the city. It probably takes a special kind of madness to go climbing with temps in the high 30s, but the view was worth it.

The hill as it happens overlooks the temple at – a fairly important Hindu temple to the deity Murugan and had at its top an Islamic Dargah (Grave shrine) of an Islamic saint.

 

Next stop Kodaikanal – got to get out of this heat…

One from the Archives

I haven’t been out and about as much as I’d like of late – dentists, Tamil lessons (and probably laziness…) all to blame. Not to worry, it gives me a chance to post about a trip I took all the way back in November shortly after arriving.

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Padmanabhapuram Palace

Padmanabhapuram Palace was on my way to the southern-most tip of India and is just outside the town of Thuckalay. Although located in modern-day Tamil Nadu, it was actually the palace for the historic rulers of what’s now Southern Kerala – the Travancores.

Its a very impressive palace though and given the climate and a couple of hundred years of history, one that remains in very good shape

The Travancores by the way, are known as one of the Indian kingdoms that while ‘under the protection’ of the British, kept a good degree of independence during their rule in India. So much so, that on Indian Independence, an attempt was made for the Kingdom to remain independent of the rest of India – it wasn’t to be of course.

Rooftop View

Padmanabhapuram

From Wikipedia Maps

Dental Distractions

Sorry all – falling behind on posts – I’ve been having some dental distractions… all you’ll probably want to know is that if you’re the sort of person who finds learning a new language about as much fun as having a root canal, well, I’ll shortly be able to offer an opinion…

So, before the laughing gas hits, some pictures from Hogenakkal Falls – which I managed to visit on my way back to Madurai from my Bangalore music festival.

India’s Niagra

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Sometimes referred to as “India’s Niagra” – the Hogenakkal Falls are probably not at their best in the middle of a dry season following on from a couple of years of failed monsoons. Although, even without water there’s still an impressive moonscape that was probably the trip.

Reasons for Learning Tamil #53

Spotted this sign in a bus station on my way from the waterfalls – go figure…

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Sightseeing of Sorts…

One for the history buffs… I took myself on a slightly less travelled sightseeing trip around Chennai at the weekend – poisonous snakes aside, it’s hard to beat a scorching afternoons in the tropics exploring graveyards…

First, I paid a visit to the Madras War Cemetery – resting place for several hundred Second World War casualties. Although it didn’t see much frontline fighting during the war, many injured would have been evacuated to India and on dying here would have been buried locally as was the norm at the time.

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The cemetery – maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission and the Indian Government – also has a memorial to First World War casualties buried elsewhere in India. That includes as you’d expect casualties from several Irish regiments.

After that, it was a trip to St George’s Cathedral – previously the Anglican cathedral of Madras, you can tell there’s two hundred years of South Indian history here.

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As you often see in older churches, the walls inside have a large collection of memorials to many of the Great and Good of pre-independence India. It would seem at least that travel in these parts has gotten a whole lot easier since Victorian India.

Captain Samuel Best
[…] Who Died at Chittoor on the 5th Octr 1851 Of Jungle Fever Contracted
During A Few Hours Passed on the Yailegherry Hills […]

Henry Valentine Conolly Esqre
[…] Fell by the Hands of a Band of Fanatics […]

Captain Andrew Ffrench [ along with 5 others ]
[…] Killed […] In the Attack on the Fortified Heights of Arracan
[…] Others Fell Victims to the Fever Which in 1824 and 1825
Proved so Fatal to His Majesty’s
And the Honorable Company’s Troops […]IMG_1939

Not of course that many of those in the adjoining cemetery fared a whole lot better…

John Monckton Coombs
[…] Was Mortally Wounded at the Cantonment of Palaveram
[…] While Returning from Ball Practice with his Brigade
By a Havildar of the 5th Regiment who Infuriated by
Passion and Blinded by Intoxicating Drugs Mistook the
Person of His Intended Victim, and Aiming at the Life of
Another Sacrificed That of His Best Friend and Protection […]

Miſs Catherine Elizabeth Top
[…] A fell cunsumption gave the fatal blow
The effect was certain but the death was slow
with greif and pain long time Iwas oppreſsed
My Prayers were heard God Kindly game me rest […]

Don’t worry, not all the headstones were quiet as grim.

After that I went looking for St. Mary’s – another old pre-independence expatriate cemetery. I’ll skip on a very odd detour to a similarly-named corporation cemetery for Christians in Chennai. Still a working cemetery, suffice to say I don’t think they don’t get many lost looking European visitors.

When I found it though, my intended St Mary’s looked like overgrown and out of use cemeteries everywhere.

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There were some well-kept war graves though, including some from the First World War. A long way from home I did find the grave of one Private Coughlan from Dublin.

And that’s all from Chennai for now – back to slightly more travelled paths next time round… perhaps.

Jallikattu…

Its not every day you get baton-charged by police between turns of scurrying from tonne-weight bovines. Can only mean one thing – Jallikattu!

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The season for Jallikattu – or bull taming/bull wrestling – restarts in Madurai every year at Pongal. A Tamil rodeo of sorts – villagers from all over Tamil Nadu descend on the Madurai district to be pitted against specially bred bulls.

One of the first major events of the year then is the village of Palamedu (pop 8,187) 25km north of Madurai.

The Cattle

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A special breed of semi-wild cow – the pulikulam – is usually found taking part. There were 500+ bulls involved in Wednesday’s competitions. With a long history of shenanigans, in the last couple of years authorities have started a new regime of checking the animals (and competitors) over – so even the bulls have to queue.

The Crowds

img_1870With schools and most businesses closed for Pongal, Palamedu overflows and getting close to the action requires some maneuvering. Although there were plenty of quieter spots further down the track for families.

The “Taming”

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The bulls enter into the arena from the door at the right of the pictures. Tamers, to win have to grab and hold onto to the bull for a particular distance or time. There are also prizes as well for bulls who – presumably – put on the best show.

The horns are very real by the way. While they are no longer specially sharpened as was done in the past, that still didn’t stop 40+ tamers needing medical treatment. Police in the arena wear stab vests – not so the tamers.

Of course, this is not all without controversy. While ongoing tussles between animal welfare activists and the various central, state and Madurai administrators have brought about, it would seem, much needed regulation, the future of Jallikattu is uncertain. The Indian Supreme Court has gotten involved and while not calling for a ban yet, is said to be keeping a close eye on things.

And Afterwards

When all is done, the bulls still have to be caught by their owners and this often proves easier said than done. This year several bulls escaped the arena – including one who fell into a well.

IMG_1855But for the winning bulls at least, there’s a garland and no doubt an extra helping of rice straw before bed.

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Lastly, let me wish you all a belated Happy Pongal – farewell from Palamedu!
 

Wikipedia on Jallikattu
News report of this ear’s Jallikattu (The Hindu)
PETA India on Jallikattu

End of Term

Didn’t quiet know what to expect when I got invited along to the local school’s end-of-term Pongol celebrations (*1) – certainly didn’t expect to be among the guests of honour nor to have hundreds of cheering middle and high school students welcoming us into the school grounds. But you know, I can handle being a celebrity for a morning!

First off a Silambam demonstration from the students – this is a Tamil weapon-based martial art – teenagers with big sticks and sharp swords – they were having a great time.

Silambam Demonstration

Of course the guests of honour were expected to give it a go – less said about that the better. Not to worry, the Visitors vs Teachers Slow Bicycle Race would be a chance to salvage some pride… hmmm… thanks to Class 10’s Tamil language teacher, maybe not.

Slow Bicycle Race

It was on to judging the Pongol making competition after that – not before signing autographs for half the kids in Northern Madurai of course – with a fountain pen – beat that One Direction!

Pongol is the sweet rice dish that gives its name to the upcoming festival – seeing it was my first time to try it, not quiet sure how I ended up on the judging panel – especially with it such a tight competition. I will say though that I while I was very fond of Class 11’s pongol, in the end it was Class 8B that pulled it off – congratulations girls!

Given how traditional it is at this time of the year, Kolam & Rangoli drawing (i.e. house-front street drawings) were also part of the competition – even the staff got in on the act…

Kolam

Rangoli at the school’s entrance

So, we finished up then with presenting the prizes and everyone got a half day off school after that – even the celebrities. So btw, if anyone from Narayanapuram is reading – thanks for a great day!

Happy Pongol!

Happy Pongol!

*1 – Pongol is a Tamil Thanksgiving festival and probably the biggest festival all year round – it kicks off next Monday/Tuesday (Jan 13/14th).

Wikipedia on Silambam
Wikipedia on Thai Pongal
Article on Kolam drawing getting outsourced (TOI)

Some Light Rain…

It was probably just fuse board problems, but the relief when the early morning temple music didn’t kick in until 7 am this morning.

Maybe it was that some of Hinduism’s 33 million gods wanted us to hear the sound of rarely-heard falling rain?

At least only a week left to Margazhi anyway…

Lightly falling rain in Madurai

Light rain in Madurai

Off to the Beach!

So, my return trip to Madurai (back to school Monday here too!) took me through Chennai for the first time.

First impressions? It’s a city that’s hopping. Now, you can hardly do one of the world’s largest cities justice in a mere 24 hours, so instead I just went to the seaside…

As urban beaches go, Marina Beach is big, very big… so big, that Chennai police estimated 1.8 million people were here to welcome in the New Year a few days ago. It was a little quieter for my visit.

Marina Beach, Chennai

By the Seaside

Marina Beach, Chennai

Taking a quick dip

Wikipedia article on Chennai
18L partied on beaches on New Year’s Eve (TOI)